Salt Ii Agreement President
Negotiations on the SALT II status began in November 1972. A great breakthrough was made at the Vladivostok meeting in November 1974 between President Ford and General Secretary Brezhnev. At this meeting, the parties agreed on a basic framework for the SALT II agreement. The SALT II Agreement concluded was signed in Vienna on 18 June 1979 by President Carter and Secretary-General Brezhnev. President Carter sent it to the Senate on June 22 to deliberate and approve ratification. However, on January 3, 1980, President Carter asked the Senate Majority Leader to defer consideration of the treaty in the Senate in the face of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. In May 1982, President Reagan declared that he would do nothing to undermine the SALT agreements as long as the Soviet Union showed the same reluctance. The Soviet Union again agreed to abide by the unin ratified treaty. Later, in 1984 and 1985, President Reagan declared that the Soviet Union had breached its political commitment to abide by the SALT II Treaty. On May 26, 1986, President Reagan declared that » The United States must base decisions on its strategic military structure on the nature and magnitude of the threat from Soviet strategic forces and not on the norms contained in the structure of the SALT.
The SALT II treaty banned new missile programs (a new missile defined as a missile whose key parameters are 5% better than for currently deployed missiles), so both sides were forced to limit their development and the construction of new types of strategic missiles, such as the development of additional fixed ICBM launchers. Similarly, this agreement would limit the number of MIRV ballistic missiles and long-range missiles to 1320.  However, the United States retained its main programs like the Trident missile, as well as the cruise missiles that President Jimmy Carter wanted to use as his main defense weapon, because they were too slow to have an initial strike capability. In return, the USSR was only able to keep 308 of its SS-18 « heavy ICBM » launchers. The agreement was signed on June 18, 1979 in Vienna by Carter and Leonid Brezhnev at a ceremony at the Imperial Hofburg. Subsequently, the US president and the Soviet leader exchanged what some reporters present called a « kiss of peace. » The president acted in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979. It sent a signal to the Kremlin that the period of détente between the United States and the Soviet Union, which had been triggered during the Nixon administration, had been suspended. Among the resulting complex of agreements (SALT I), the most important were the Treaty on Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM) and the Interim Agreement and Protocol on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. Both were signed on 26 May 1972 by President Richard M. Nixon for the United States and Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, at a summit in Moscow. The discussions culminated in the START or Strategic Arms emission reduction treaties, consisting of START I (a 1991 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union) and START II (a 1993 agreement between the United States and Russia, which was never ratified by the United States), which proposed both restrictions on multi-warhead capabilities and other restrictions on the number of nuclear weapons of the two.