Who Signed The Geneva Agreement
All parties to the conference called for new elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of « local commissions. The United States, with the support of Britain and countries associated with Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN oversight. Molotov opposed it, arguing for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only determine « important » issues unanimously.  Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that the elections were to take place within six months of the ceasefire, and Western allies tried not to have a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then later in 1955 and finally July 1956. :610 The government supported the government of reunification, but only with effective international oversight; it argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North.  The United States replaced the French as political backer to Ngo Dinh Diem, prime minister of the state of Vietnam, who asserted his power in the South.
The Geneva conference had not provided specific mechanisms for the national elections scheduled for 1956 and Diem refused to organize them, saying that the South had not signed and was not bound by the Geneva Conventions and that it was impossible to hold free elections in the communist North. Instead, he tried to dismantle the communist opposition.  The United States rejected an agreement it had reached in December 1985 with the authorization of the White House to stop arms deliveries to the mujahideen via Pakistan, once the Soviet withdrawal was over. Mikhail Gorbachev felt betrayed, but the Soviet Union was determined to withdraw and the agreements were ousted with a contradictory « understanding » that arms deliveries were continuing.  The Geneva Conventions, officially known as agreements to resolve the situation in Afghanistan, were signed on 14 April 1988 at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union as guarantors. 1. The Geneva Conventions refer to a series of agreements relating to the future of Vietnam. They were developed during multilateral discussions in Geneva between March and July 1954. Dulles failed with British delegate Anthony Eden over the UK`s alleged inability to support joint action and US positions on Indochina; He left Geneva on 3 May and was replaced by his deputy Walter Bedell Smith. :555-8 The State of Vietnam refused to participate in the negotiations until Bidault wrote to Beo II to assure him that an agreement would not divide Vietnam.
550-1 In order to leave aside any idea that the partition is permanent, a final declaration not signed in Article 6, it says in Article 6: « The Conference recognizes that the essential objective of the Vietnam Agreement is to resolve military issues with a view to the cessation of hostilities and that the military demarcation line is not provisional and should not be construed as a political or territorial border. »  The agreements consisted of several instruments: a bilateral agreement between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan on the principles of mutual relations, in particular non-interference and non-interference; a declaration on international guarantees signed by the Soviet Union and the United States; a bilateral agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan on the voluntary return of Afghan refugees; and an agreement on the settlement of the situation in Afghanistan, signed by Pakistan and Afghanistan and attested by the Soviet Union and the United States.