The Paris Climate Agreement Is It Sufficient To Limit Climate Change
Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane are gases that accumulate in the atmosphere and prevent radiation from the Earth`s surface to space, creating what is called the greenhouse effect. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the main international panel on this issue, the concentration of these thermal gases has increased significantly since pre-industrial times and has not been observed for at least 800,000 years. Carbon dioxide (the main cause of climate change) has increased by 40 per cent, nitrous oxide by 20 per cent and methane by 150 per cent since 1750, mainly due to the burning of dirty fossil fuels. The IPCC says it is « extremely likely » that these emissions have been primarily responsible for the rise in global temperatures since the 1950s. Meanwhile, deforestation and forest degradation have also contributed to their fair share of global carbon emissions. The climate solutions in the paper are not new, acknowledges lead author William Ripple of Oregon State University. But by listing the solutions as a series of six milestones, with « simple graphic indicators that show where we were 40 years ago and how things have changed, » the authors hope that these will be easily understood for everyone, Ripple says. Hare notes that the world`s poorest nations cannot make deep emission reductions without the long-promised funding and technical support of the world`s rich nations. Watson agrees that developed countries have largely caused the climate problem and must support less developed countries. « We need everyone on board to solve this problem, » he says.
Chief Grace Ramirez talks about sustainability and green hacks to support the UN`s ActNow climate change campaign. Nature studies the impact of withdrawal on global efforts to mitigate climate change. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to prevent dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and by making efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change and to assist them in their efforts. Recognizing that many developing countries and small island developing states that have contributed the least to climate change are most likely to suffer the consequences, the Paris Agreement contains a plan for developed countries – and others that are able to do so – to continue to provide financial resources to help developing countries reduce and increase their capacity to withstand climate change. The agreement builds on the financial commitments of the 2009 Copenhagen Accord, which aimed to increase public and private climate finance to developing countries to $100 billion per year by 2020. (To put it in perspective, in 2017 alone, global military spending amounted to about $1.7 trillion, more than a third of which came from the United States. The Copenhagen Pact also created the Green Climate Fund to mobilize transformation funding with targeted public dollars. The Paris agreement expected the world to set a higher annual target by 2025 to build on the $100 billion target by 2020 and create mechanisms to achieve this. To avoid major changes in life as we know it, global action is needed. That is why the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming, rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century.
In fact, the seemingly small difference between 1.5 and 2 degrees could have dramatic consequences on deep nations and coral reefs. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres addressed a forum of heads of state and government of the small island development country today, saying that while the world continues to focus on the fight against the COVID 19 pandemic, the biggest test the world has been since World War II, we must not focus on climate change.